Now, two reports have been published that may upset what was understood to be unique about bonobos. One study reports that researchers combed through wild bonobos' poo and found something surprising — monkey bones. Picking through monkey doo may not be a glamorous job, but it is the best way to find out what primates actually eat. It turns out bonobos eat monkeys. The other study reports that research actually observed their hunts.
Five hunts were observed. Three were successful and 2 of the 3 kills were made by females. It's a small sample of hunts so it's really not enough to decide whether there is a sex difference in hunting. But, if there is, it would stand in stark contrast to chimpanzee hunts which are overwhelmingly male affairs.
Time will tell whether this milestone research changes what we think of bonobos. Perhaps they'll shed some of their peaceful reputation — or maybe they won't. After all, just because you eat meat doesn't mean you're violent.